Tuesday, October 5, 2010

Counting 1 to 10 and more

I just happened to think about this one day while travelling by bus. So I just thought of blogging. I am sure there are many things that I might have missed.Just wrote down the first few things that came to my mind. :-)

ONE

Parabrahma - the supreme lord

TWO

Shiva and Shakti - two sources of energy in the cosmos, essentially the same.

THREE

Satva, Tamas, Rajas - the three gunas
Brahma (creator) , Vishnu (sustainer) , Shiva ( constructive destroyer) - the trimurthi's
Advaita (Shankaracharya) ,Dwaita (Madhvacharya) and Vishishta Advaita (Ramanujacharya) - the three philosophy's

FOUR

Rig, Yajur, Sama, Atharvana - the chatur vedas

FIVE

Annamaya (food sheath) , Pranamaya ( energy sheath), manomaya ( mental or emotional sheath) , Vignanamaya ( intellectual sheath) , Anandamaya (bliss sheath) - Pancha Koshas according to Patanjali

Prithvi (earth) , Apas (water) Agni/Tejas (fire) , Vayu (Air) , Aakasha (Ether) - Panchabhootas

Also not to forget the five karmendriyas and five jnanendriyas

SIX

Mada(Ego) Matsara(jealouy) Kama(lust) Krodha(anger) Moha(attachement) Lobha(greed) - Arishadvarga (stay away from them!)

SEVEN

Sapta rishis - Vasistha,, Bharadvaja, Jamadagni, Goutama, Atri ,Vishwamitra and Agasthya
Some people say the seven rishis are - Vasistha, Marichi, Pulastya, Pulaha, Atri, Angeerasa and Kratu
The Saptha Rishi’s are the seven major stars of Ursa Major.

Sapta Swaras - Shadja (Sa), Rishabha (Ri) , Gandhara (Ga), Madhyama ( Ma), Panchama ( Pa), Dhaivatha( Dha) , Nishadha ( Ni)

EIGHT

Ashta siddhis - Siddhi means acheivement/accomplishment/success depending on context.
Anima (conscious awareness to size of an atom; anu means atom),
Mahima (increasing awarenes of consciousness to infinity)
Garima ( heaviness)
Laghima (weightlessness ; laghu meaning light)
Prapti (following and achieveing one's true will)
Prakamya ( fulfilling desires )
Ishatva ( absoulte ownership)
Vashitva ( power to control all)

Patanjali's Ashtanga yoga -
Yama
Niyama
Asana
Pranayama
Dharana
Dhyana
Pratyahara
Samadhi

NINE -
Navarasas - the nine emotions

Sringara (amour) , hasya ( comic) , karuna (compassion) , raudra ( furious) , vira ( heroic ) , bhaya (fear) , bhibatsa ( disgust), adbutha (wonder) , santa (tranquility)

Also, the Navavaranas of srividya upasana ( too complex to explain here) Muthuswamy dikshitar's navavarana kritis explain each avarana in detail and singing them is equivalent of srividya puja.

TEN
Dashavatara's - the ten incarnations of lord Vishnu for the welfare of the world.
- Matsya , Koorma , Varaha , Narasimha , Vamana , Rama , Parashurama, Krishna ,Buddha, Kalki.

I guess there will be something associated with each number :-) The rest I will leave it to you for research if you are interested.

Also, there is one hindu festival for every day(thithi) of a fortnight. A month in a hindu calender consists of two fortnights (paksha)
one with full moon ( shukla paksha) - 15th day is poornima
one with new moon (krishna paksha) - 15th day is amavasya

Padya - Balipadyami / Ugadi
Bidhige - Bhanu bidige
Thadhige - Akshaya Tadhige
Chaturthi - Ganesh Chaturthi
Panchami - Nagarpanchami
Shasti - Subrahmanya Shasti
Sapthami - RathaSapthami
Ashtami - Durgashtami / Krishna Janmashtami
Navami - Ramanavami / Mahanavami
Dashami -Vijayadashami
Ekadashi - Vaikunta Ekadashi
Dwadashi - Uttana Dwadashi
Trayodashi - Maha Shivaratri (sometimes falls on chaturdashi)
Chaturdashi -Narakachaturdashi
Poornima - Guru Poornima / Holi
Amavasya - Mahalaya Amavasya / Bheemanaamavasya

Not sure of the significance of this order. If anybody knows please let me know :-)
There are other festivals which have to celebrated on specific days of the lunar calender.All hindu festivals follow lunar calender except Sankranti which follows solar calender.

10 comments:

  1. Pavi,
    Apart from some names I do not know the real life significance of any of these things.

    One doubt. You said 'Shiva and Shakti - two sources of energy in the cosmos, essentially the same.' What do those signify exactly? How can we apply those concepts in life? Why did you say 'essentially the same'?

    Also, how can one know the significance of any of these things in real life apart from knowing and remembering some names...?

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  2. @pramod - shiva and shakti are references to shiva and parvati.. some people refer to the divine power as cosmic mother some others don't.They chose that form with which they are comfortable establishing relationships.Some people do not require any form. I suppose that requires high intellectual maturity.Essentially they are representations of the same parabrahman is what hindu philosophy believes right?
    All these representation are just instruments to aid us in the long spiritual journey.So you are free to chose the form with which you can identify yourself. I am not so knowledgeable. I have told you whatever little i know. Hope my reply is convincing :-)else the internet has abundant information :-)

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  3. Nanige #2 andre yen naapka bartaaittu antha guess madu nodona :P

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  4. @abhiram - avaravara samskara avaravarige :P

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  5. * Trayodashi - Shani Trayodashi.

    These are the traditional baay-paatas which children were expected to recite every evening. One, it was learning. Two, it would make them aware of our culture. As far as I know, this is the sole reason for them being out into practice.

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  6. @ sharma - thanks! I didn't know about shani trayodashi. Actually after writing this blogpost i came across a shloka which had all festivals and on which thithi they are celebrated in the correct order.
    Your view on awareness and learning is interesting :-)

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  7. Hi Pavitra,

    Below information may be of some use for you,


    Shulka Paksha / Shudda Paksha

    Padya : Ugadi Padya (Chaitra Maasa) Bali Padyami (Kaarthika Maasa)
    Bidige : Baanu Bidige (Chaitra Maasa)
    Thadige : Akshaya Tadige (Vaishaka Maasa) Swarnagouri Vrata / Gouri Trutiya (Badrapada Maasa)
    Chouthi : Vinayaka Chouti (Badrapada Maasa)
    Panchami : Naagara Panchami (Shravana Maasa) Rushi Panchani (Badrapada Maasa)
    Shasti : Subramanya Shasti (Maargashira Maasa) Siriyala Shasti (Shravana Maasa)
    Saptami : Raatha Saptami (Maagha Maasa)
    Astami : Durgastami (Aashvayuja Maasa)
    Novami : Rama Novami (Chaitra Maasa) Maha Navami (Aashvayuja Maasa)
    Dashami : Vijaya Dashami (Aashvayuja Maasa)
    Ekadashi : Vaikunta Ekadashi (Pousha / Pushya Maasa) Pratama Ekadashi (Aashada Maasa)
    Dwadashi : Uttana Dwadashi (Kaarthika Maasa)
    Triodashi : Aananga Triodashi (Margashira Maasa)
    Chaturdashi : Anantha Chaturdashi (Badrapada Maasa)
    Poornami : Holi Hunnime (Paalguna Maasa)

    Krishna Paksha / Bahula Paksha

    Padya : Gaayatri Prathipad (Shravana Maasa)
    Bidige :
    Thadige :
    Chouthi : Sankastahara Chouti (All Maasas)
    Panchami :
    Shasti :
    Saptami :
    Astami : Krishna Janmastami (Shravana Maasa)
    Novami : Aavidhava Navami (Badrapada Maasa)
    Dashami :
    Ekadashi :
    Dwadashi :
    Triodashi : Jala Poorna Triodashi (Aashvayuja Maasa)
    Chaturdashi : Naraka Chaturdashi (Aashvayuja Maasa) Shivaratri (Maagha Maasa)
    Amavasye : Mahalaya Amavasye (Badrapada Maasa) Bheemana Amavasye (Aashada Maasa)

    If anyone knows any festivals for the 8 days that i have missed in krishna paksha pls update :)

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  8. @sheshadri - I always wondered if there was one festival for each day in both the pakshas. Thank you for all that information! :-)

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  9. Pavithra- I appreciate your knowledge and interest in our rich culture. Good one :)

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  10. I don't know, if you are aware of, this is where Ashtavakra won his shashtrath against Vandi (He could only tell the first half of shloka on 13th) and took revenge for his father' death (As per bet, any scholar losing out to Vandi would have to take jal-samadhi and same fate befell Ashtavakra's father as well. They started off with one and ended at 13. More details of the shashtrath can be found at
    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m03/m03134.htm

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